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The globe is uniquely designed to be transparent thereby allowing light to be focussed on the retina. Stimulated retinal photoreceptors (rods and cones) transmit a signal via retinal ganglion cells to the optic nerve and posterior visual pathway. The extra-ocular muscles attached at specific insertions around each eyeball allow for intricate co-ordinated movements with resulting binocular stereoscopic vision.

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Core Principles

1. Ocular Anatomy

2. Ophthalmic History

3. Measuring Visual Acuity

4. External Inspection / Eyelids

5. Everting The Eyelids

6. Anterior Segment

7. Pupillary Reflexes (and Dilatation)

8. Ocular Motility

9. Visual Fields

10. Direct Ophthalmoscopy

Ophthalmology in Practice

1. Red Eye Introduction

2. Red Eye Diagnosis

3. Visual Failure Introduction

4. Gradual Loss of Vision

5. Sudden Loss of Vision

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