Central Serous Retinopathy
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Central serous retinopathy (CSR) is of unknown cause and typically affects healthy males between 30-50 yrs of age. Presenting symptoms in the affected eye include blurred or dim vision, micropsia, decreased colour vision and/or distortion. The condition is characterised by a shallow “blister” of fluid in the macular which occurs as a result of altered retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) function, whereby fluid collects under the neurosensory retina rather than being “pumped” out by the RPE.

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Core Principles

1. Ocular Anatomy

2. Ophthalmic History

3. Measuring Visual Acuity

4. External Inspection / Eyelids

5. Everting The Eyelids

6. Anterior Segment

7. Pupillary Reflexes (and Dilatation)

8. Ocular Motility

9. Visual Fields

10. Direct Ophthalmoscopy

Ophthalmology in Practice

1. Red Eye Introduction

2. Red Eye Diagnosis

3. Visual Failure Introduction

4. Gradual Loss of Vision

5. Sudden Loss of Vision

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