Confrontational Visual Field Testing
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This visual field test is performed in a face to face position at an arms length distance. If there is a significant difference in visual acuity, start with the better seeing eye. The eye not being tested must be completely covered, eg patient occludes the eye with the palm of the hand.

Initially rule out gross abnormalities before making the test more sensitive as follows:

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Core Principles

1. Ocular Anatomy

2. Ophthalmic History

3. Measuring Visual Acuity

4. External Inspection / Eyelids

5. Everting The Eyelids

6. Anterior Segment

7. Pupillary Reflexes (and Dilatation)

8. Ocular Motility

9. Visual Fields

10. Direct Ophthalmoscopy

Ophthalmology in Practice

1. Red Eye Introduction

2. Red Eye Diagnosis

3. Visual Failure Introduction

4. Gradual Loss of Vision

5. Sudden Loss of Vision

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